UPI Almanac for Sunday, Oct. 31, 2021

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Oct. 31, 2021

Retired Navy Chief Boatswain Stephen Heald of Georgetown, Maine, (R) blows the boatswains call during a cermony in Portland, Maine on November 14, 1998, at the just-installed monument to honor the men that died on the first United States warship sunk in World War II, the destroyer USS Reuben James. A German U-boat torpedoed the destroyer on October 31, 1941. File Photo by Lee K. Marriner/UPI | License Photo

Today is Sunday, Oct. 31, the 304th day of 2021 with 61 to follow.

This is Halloween.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Dutch painter Jan Vermeer in 1632; Pope Clement XIV in 1705; English poet John Keats in 1795; Girl Scouts founder Juliette Gordon Low in 1860; Gen. Chiang Kai-shek, the first leader of Nationalist China, in 1887; actor/singer Ethel Waters in 1896; actor Lee Grant in 1925 (age 96); astronaut Michael Collins in 1930; former TV news anchorman Dan Rather in 1931 (age 90); actor/director Michael Landon in 1936; folk singer/songwriter Tom Paxton in 1937 (age 84); actor David Ogden Stiers in 1942; actor Brian Doyle-Murray in 1945 (age 76); actor Stephen Rea in 1946 (age 75); actor Deidre Hall in 1947 (age 74); actor John Candy in 1950; Olympic gold medal marathon runner Frank Shorter in 1947 (age 74); broadcaster Jane Pauley in 1950 (age 71); architect Zaha Hadid in 1950; actor Brian Stokes Mitchell in 1957 (age 64); New Zealand director/producer Peter Jackson in 1961 (age 60); actor Rob Schneider in 1963 (age 58); rapper Ad-Rock, born Adam Horovitz, in 1966 (age 55); rapper Vanilla Ice, born Robert Matthew Van Winkle, in 1967 (age 54); actor Piper Perabo in 1976 (age 45); actor Eddie Kaye Thomas in 1980 (age 41); actor Vanessa Marano in 1992 (age 29); actor Letitia Wright in 1993 (age 28); actor Sydney Park in 1997 (age 24); singer Willow Smith in 2000 (age 21).

On this date in history:

In 1517, Martin Luther began the Protestant Reformation by nailing a proclamation — the 95 theses — to the door of a church in Wittenberg, Germany.

In 1864, Nevada was admitted to the United States as the 36th state.

In 1926, Harry Houdini, renowned magician, illusionist and escape artist, died of peritonitis in a Detroit hospital following a blow to the abdomen.

In 1931, with the Great Depression in full swing, the U.S. Treasury Department announced that 827 banks had failed during the previous two months.

In 1941, more than a month before the United States entered World War II, a German submarine torpedoed and sunk a U.S. destroyer, the USS Reuben James.

In 1941, the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota — consisting of the sculpted heads of U.S. Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Teddy Roosevelt — was completed.

In 1968, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson announced a halt to the bombing of North Vietnam.

In 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated outside her home in a volley of gunfire by Sikh members of her own security force. Her son, Rajiv, succeeded her.

In 1985, salvage divers located the remains of the booty-laden pirate ship Whydah, which sank Feb. 17, 1717, off Cape Cod, Mass.

In 1993, actor River Phoenix died of a drug overdose outside of a West Hollywood, Calif., nightclub, The Viper Room. He starred in Stand By Me and My Own Private Idaho.

In 2004, Iranian lawmakers chanted, “Death to America!” after a unanimous vote to allow their government to resume uranium enrichment activities.

In 2008, U.S. Army Gen. David Petraeus took over as head of the Central Command, in charge of military operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, Iran and other countries.

In 2010, Brazilians elected Dilma Rousseff as their first female president. The former energy minister and choice of outgoing President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva defeated Jose Serra in a runoff with 56 percent of the vote. Rousseff won a second term Oct. 26, 2014.

In 2014, SpaceShipTwo, Virgin Galactic’s effort in spaceflight for tourists, crashed during a test flight in the Mojave Desert, killing one of the pilots and seriously injuring the other.

In 2015, Russian airliner Metrojet Flight 9268 crashed after taking off from Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport in Egypt, killing all 224 on board. Investigators suspected a bomb on the plane caused the crash.

In 2019, the Islamic State named Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi as its new leader after the death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

A thought for the day: “It is vain to say human beings out to be satisfied with tranquility: they must have action; and they will make it if they cannot find it.” — English writer Charlotte Bronte

Read More: UPI Almanac for Sunday, Oct. 31, 2021

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