The Latest: Macron says Australia’s Morrison lied to him
The Latest on the Group of 20 summit in Rome:
ROME — French President Emmanuel Macron said Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison lied to him while he was secretly negotiating a submarine deal with the United States and Britain.
Answering a reporter’s question about whether he thinks Morrison lied to him, Macron replied, “I don’t think, I know” he lied.
Australia last month canceled a multi-billion dollar contract to buy diesel-electric French submarines and instead decided to acquire U.S. nuclear-powered submarines. The decision was part of an Indo-Pacific pact between Australia, Britain and the U.S.
The pact, known as AUKUS, infuriated France, which recalled its ambassadors to the U.S and Australia over the lost deal.
Macron and Morrison talked on Thursday for the first time since Australia canceled the French submarine contract. They were both in Rome for the Group of 20 nations summit but did not hold a bilateral meeting.
ROME — French President Emmanuel Macron called the Group of 20 summit in Rome “a success” that delivered results, especially on climate change issues, “despite many division” between nations.
Macron said the two-day summit provided an opportunity “to revive convergence” among the world’s largest economies ahead of the much larger United Nations climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland that got underway as the G-20 meeting ended on Sunday.
The French leader acknowledged that more efforts are needed to reach the goal set in the 2015 Paris climate accord of holding the global average increase in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius ( 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-industrial times.
“Now, all the work will focus on getting additional efforts from China, from other emerging countries, from Russia, in order to keep going in the right direction,” Macron said.
“Indeed, we must get the G-20 economies to do more on the coal energy in their country’s energy mix. That’s the next step,” he added. “We didn’t reach it here…That was not realistic.”
ROME — U.S. first lady Jill Biden toured Rome’s Borghese Gallery before she says arrivederci to the Eternal City.
Biden made an unscheduled stop Sunday at the gallery, which has an exhibit of works by British artist Damien Hirst. The museum remained open while she was led on a tour, and some tourists walked around exclaiming “first lady” after realizing who she was.
Biden left after about 40 minutes. Earlier in the day, she and other spouses of world leaders attending the Group of 20 nations summit said their goodbyes over lunch at the Capitoline Museums.
On Monday, the first lady is scheduled to visit a U.S. Defense Department school in Naples, Italy, before she returns to Washington.
U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is giving a mixed verdict on the climate change agreements reached at the Group of 20 summit, saying he hopes for more ambitious commitments to be made at the United Nations climate conference in Glasgow.
G-20 leaders agreed during their two-day meeting in Rome on ending financing for new overseas coal plants but did not set a specific year for achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions. The Group of Seven rich democracies have set 2050 for achieving that goal, while G-20 members China, Russia and Saudi Arabia have set 2060.
“I leave Rome with my hopes unfulfilled, but at least they are not buried,” Guterres tweeted. “Onwards to #COP26 in Glasgow to keep the goal of 1.5 degrees alive and to implement promises on finance and adaptation for people & planet.”
Guterres told the G-20 that “greater ambition” in reducing greenhouse gas emissions was needed to put the world on a path to hold the global average temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of the century.
The G-20 acknowledged that impacts are “much lower” with 1.5 degrees Celsius but also reiterated the looser goals of the 2015 Paris climate accords, which calls for keeping the increase “well under” 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 F) while “pursuing efforts” to achieve the 1.5 degree limit.
The difference might seem slight, but the U.N.’s scientific committee has underlined that the disruption from climate effects such as rising seas and extreme weather are much less at 1.5 degrees Celsius than at 2 degrees Celsius.
ROME — British Prime Minister Boris Johnson says the key to making a breakthrough on climate change is money for developing nations to green their economies.
He said Group of 20 leaders meeting in Rome had “inched forward” on curbing global warming, but the goal of limiting temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) was in danger of slipping out of reach.
“What’s the thing that’s going to unlock this? Well the big solvent in so many negotiations is money,” Johnson told reporters in Rome before flying to a U.N. climate conference the U.K. is hosting in Glasgow, Scotland.
The British leader said that eliminating coal power was a key to curbing emissions and that the G-20 leaders did not commit as a group to stop using coal domestically.
“What needs to happen is that the countries that really depend on coal(,)…they are going to need help, and they are going to need specific packages…in which we in the richer countries help them” with investment and technology.”
The G-20 leaders also agreed to work to reach net-zero carbon emissions “by or around mid-century,” language vaguer than the firm commitment to 2050 made by the Group of Seven wealthy industrialized nations.
Johnson said just 12 of the G-20 have pledged to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. China, Saudi Arabia and Russia have set 2060 as their goal for reaching carbon neutrality, and India has not set a target date.
Net zero is the level of emissions than can be absorbed by forests, oceans and abatement measures.
“If Glasgow fails, then the whole thing fails,” Johnson said.
ROME — British Prime Minister Boris Johnson says the promises made in the landmark Paris climate accord are starting to sound “frankly hollow” six years later.
Johnson struck a grim note Sunday at the end of a Group of 20 summit in Rome, where leaders’ commitments to curb climate change, he said, were “drops in a rapidly warming ocean.”
“If we don’t act now, the Paris agreement will be looked at in the future not as the moment humanity opened its eyes to the problem, but the moment we flinched and turned away,” the British leader said.
The 2015 Paris accords seek to keep the rise “well below” 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and to “pursue efforts” to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit).
Britain had hoped for a “G-20 bounce” going into the U.N. climate change conference that started Sunday in Glasgow, Scotland. But Johnson said the group of large economies needed to go much further.
ROME — Premier Mario Draghi says Italy will triple its commitment to climate financing for poor countries to $1.4 billion a year over the next five years.
Draghi made the announcement at the end of the G-20 summit in Rome.
The money is Italy’s contribution to the $100 billion annually that rich countries collectively have promised but not yet delivered to help vulnerable developing nations transition to low-carbon energy sources and to adapt to the effects of climate change.
According to the final summit communique, the G-20 reaffirmed past commitments to mobilize $100 billion annually to help poorer countries cope with climate change, and committed to scaling up financing for helping them adapt.
A U.N. report issued last week estimated that it would be several more years before rich nations made good on the commitment.
ROME — Leaders of the world’s biggest economies have agreed to end public financing for coal-fired power generation abroad, but set no target for phasing out coal domestically as they wrapped up a two-day summit that laid the groundwork for the U.N. climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland.
According to their final meeting communique, Group of 20 leaders also made a compromise commitment Sunday to reach carbon neutrality “by or around mid-century.”
The Group of 20 countries represent more than three-quarters of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. Summit host Italy had been looking for solid targets on how to reduce emissions while helping poor countries deal with the impact of rising temperatures.
Without those targets, momentum could be lost for the larger annual talks that officially opened Sunday in Glasgow and where countries from around the globe will be represented, including poor ones most vulnerable to rising seas, desertification and other effects.
According to the communique, the G-20 reaffirmed past commitments by rich countries to mobilize $100 billion annually to help poorer countries cope with climate change, and committed to scaling up financing for helping them adapt.
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